The wit of ancient chinese polittest han fei

Unlike the other famed philosophers of the time, Han Fei was a member of the ruling aristocracy, having been born into the ruling family of the state of Han during, the end phase of the Warring States Period. Therefore he does not pursue righteousness and benevolence, and he does not listen to the words of scholars.

Chinese philosophy

They stand to lose the larger victory gained from creating a cohesive, cooperative, consensual government — or council. Andrea and James H.

In fact, you have more to fear from friends than from enemies. Han Fei wrote on a wide range of subjects. And the people will remember that small, but bitter act of unkindness. Staff and bureaucrats are not servants. He should not devote his attention to virtue, but to law.

The Shen Pu-hai Fragments. Listening to the people would be enough. The short term gain may be easier to accomplish than the larger gain, but it places the larger gain much further away, if not entirely unreachable. The logician Hui Shi was a friendly rival to Zhuangziarguing against Taoism in a light-hearted and humorous manner.

Tradition is inconsistent, and human beings need an extra-traditional guide to identify which traditions are acceptable. More recently, Mao Zedong, who had some knowledge of ancient Chinese philosophy, compared himself with Qin Shi Huang and publicly approved of some Legalist methods.

The Chinese Hobbes – Xi Jinping’s favourite philosopher

The University of Chicago Press, Without reference to a greater metaphysical framework, legalist ethics were based on the interests of the ruler of a state, who was to maintain firm control using three concepts: Confucianism and Legalism Han Fei was not one of the self-made men of the era and like most notables he was originally attracted to Confucianism, since it promoted a society in which people were born into certain roles and had both loyalties and expectations from these loyalties to create stable and lasting bonds.

To become infatuated with women musicians and disregard state affairs, thereby inviting the disaster of national destruction. After all, if the leader breaches rules of conduct — what compels the rest of the politicians to adhere to it, outside their own personal moral compass? In addition, his theories thought all humanity was selfish and evil, which added towards the cause for Shang Yang becoming prime minister of the Qin under the rule of Duke Xiao of Qin and gradually transforming the state into a vigorously regulated machine, the sole purpose of which was the elimination of all rivals.

School of Names The logicians School of Names were concerned with logic, paradoxes, names and actuality similar to Confucian rectification of names.

Han Fei’s Ten Lessons

The Qin were so successful that by BCE they had conquered the other Chinese states and unified the empire after centuries of war. Skillful rulers hid their true intentions and feigned nonchalance.

The state country comes first, not the individual. Likewise, if the people are forced to till their land and open pastures in order to increase their future supplies, they consider their ruler harsh.

Legalism In Chinese history, Legalism Chinese: Civility, respect, courtesy, compromise, compassion — these are things that can bind a person to a leader better and more strongly than force, power, fear or anger. Or perhaps distance suggests chasing lofty but unrealistic goals while the day-to-day stuff is overlooked.

It basically postulates that humans are evil and need to be controlled using laws in order to prevent chaos.

Han Fei-tzu (d. 233 BCE): Legalist Views on Good Government

If the achievement does not fit his jobs and the job does not fit his words, then he will be punished.Long before Niccolo Machiavelli wrote his now-famous work of political philosophy, The Prince, Han Fei writing in a similar vein in ancient China.

In Han Fei's philosophy the ruler possessed authority regarding reward and penalty, enacted through law. Shang Yang and Han Fei promoted absolute adherence to the law, regardless of the circumstances or the person. Ministers were only to be rewarded if their words were accurate to the results of their proposals.

Feng Youlan, A History of. Han Fei is one of the famous philosophers of early China. ; Schwartz, Benjamin, The World of Thought in Ancient China.

Han Fei, the Geatest Chinese Legalist philosopher

Cambridge MA.: Belknap Press, Pre-Written Pages: 2. Pre-Written Order Now *Please note down the Number of Pages & Order Topic before place the Pre-Written Order. Which of the following was a Legalist?

A. Han Fei Tzu B. Laozi C. Confucius D. Emperor Zhou Ask for details Legalism in ancient China was a philosophical belief that human beings are more inclined to do wrong than right because they are motivated entirely by self interest. Legalism was developed by Han Fei Tzu.

Which of the following 2/5(1). Little is known about the life of Han Fei. He was a member of the ruling aristocracy, born around B.C.E. into the ruling family of the state of Han, one of the weaker states during the end phase of the Warring States Period in China.

He studied for a time under the Confucian philosopher Hsün. The Han Feizi (Chinese: 韓非子) is an ancient Chinese text attributed to foundational political philosopher, "Master" Han Fei. It comprises a selection of essays in the "Legalist" tradition on theories of state power, synthesizing the methodologies of .

The wit of ancient chinese polittest han fei
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