Literature review on diabetes in kenya

Discussion Funding and structure The Kenyan government recognises the threat from NCDs and is committed to improving health by widening access to quality care [27].

Unsurprisingly, many patients have poor glycaemic Literature review on diabetes in kenya [6] and a quarter of all hospital admissions in Kenya are diabetes-related [21]. Eight T2DM surveys measured the prevalence of obesity among participants, which ranged from 0. Given the reports that health centres lack the necessary diagnostic tools it is also likely that screening for diabetes is not routinely performed.

The total cost of these complications is likely to far outweigh the cost of effective primary and secondary prevention. Burden of diabetes Once seen as a disease of affluent societies, diabetes has become a growing problem in developing countries—an increase driven largely by a rise in obesity.

Low levels of adequate glucose control in diagnosed diabetics were reported in several prevalence studies [ 2468 ]. Hospital diabetic clinics have been established in the nine provinces [20] but access remains a challenge due to travel distances [12].

However, many of these early studies may have underestimated prevalence, due to the use of low sensitivity screening methods and non-standardised diagnostic criteria [ 338990 ].

Most respondents have poor behaviours towards diabetes [22]: Reducing the levels of other known risk factors that can damage blood vessels, such as high blood pressure, is also important. Consideration of the associations between diabetes and the other major communicable diseases in the region has been notably absent from the literature - both peer reviewed and grey literature.

Prevention and control of diabetes The current disease burden indicates a need for more resources for prevention and health promotion, with primary healthcare taking greater responsibility for chronic diseases. However the government owns most hospitals, health centres and dispensaries [14].

Western medicine happens after wholesome.

Diabetes Management Review Of Literature

However their purpose is to fool your system so that they responds inappropriately to certain conditions. Hospitals often have public and private levels co-existing, managed by the same staff [17]. Of the estimated 1.

Antiretroviral therapy ART for HIV, and to a small extent, HIV itself, is associated with an increased risk of developing the metabolic syndrome, which predisposes individuals to develop type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease [ ].

The WHO recommendations are now a focus of the Kenyan government [28], however the financial demands for curative care reduce funding available for implementing such policies [7]. Access to diagnosis and treatment The high rates of undiagnosed and uncontrolled diabetes recorded highlight the presence of significant barriers to accessing diagnosis and treatment.

The effectiveness of the scheme is yet to be confirmed.

None of the 99 type 1 diabetics had the ability to monitor their glucose levels at home, and hospitals were unable to routinely do this [ 68 ]. Diabetes increases the risk of developing severe sepsis, with one study reporting a 2. Kenya has seen increases in abdominal obesity, poor dietary habits, excess alcohol consumption and physical inactivity [2,3,5].

A lower financial burden on individuals by increasing public funding should Reduce poverty. As in many sub-Saharan African countries, the health system is organised to treat acute rather than chronic conditions [10,18,19], with a lack of primary healthcare to tackle chronic diseases such as diabetes [11,12].

Kenya faces rising burden of diabetes

Kenya does not have adequate funds for diabetes prevention or care. Tobacco and alcohol use are other important risk factors for NCDs, he adds.This literature review was therefore written in order to highlight the causes, effects and potential hypertension, heart disease and type 2 diabetes than men before they reach Kenya, among individuals (% females), aged years, abdominal.

Objective: To determine the extent of diabetes as a chronic disease in Kenya and relate it to incidences of blindness in the country. Data source: Literature review from. DIABETES MANAGEMENT REVIEW OF LITERATURE ] The REAL cause of Diabetes (Recommended),Diabetes Management Review Of Literature Because metformin shuts over livers excess production of glucose it reduces the amount of injected insulin needed to control the blood sugar levels in both Type 1 and Diabetes type 2.

To date, there is just one systematic review regarding inequalities in health care among patients with Type 2 diabetes by individual socio-economic status (SES) and regional deprivation.

Ricci-Cabello et al. () [ 11 ] focused on countries from the Organisation. Diabetes in pregnancy can either be pre-existing type 1 or type 2 diabetes, or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), which is defined as glucose intolerance of variable severity that is first.

Gestational diabetes mellitus.

The literature review identified two studies on the prevalence of gestational diabetes in Sub-Saharan Africa present, one in Ethiopia and one in South Africa (see table table3). 3). Three other relatively recent studies, published before Januarywere identified [].

Diabetes Mellitus: the increasing burden of disease in Kenya.

The range of prevalence recorded in these five studies is considerable, from 0% among pregnant women .

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Literature review on diabetes in kenya
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